It is necessary to use organic substances that will hold moisture, be suitable for the worms to live and function while providing a place to bury garbage. Bedding may include shredded newspaper, shredded office paper, leaf mold, non aromatic sawdust, coconut coir, 2 handfuls of soil and/or compost. This small amount of soil/compost is added to the original bedding, helping to provide grit for the worm gizzard and by adding a diversity of microorganisms, bacteria and fungi necessary for breaking down the food. Be sure to thoroughly moisten the bedding mixture being careful that it is not wringing wet.
Do not confuse the excess moisture or liquid collected in the bottom of a worm bin as 'worm tea'. This leachate is the  undigested liquid and excess moisture that has passed through organic material that may contain pathogens or excess nutrients that may be harmful to plants. It is best to use this leachate on unwanted plants such as weeds. information supplied in VERMICULTURE TECHNOLOGY, 2011.  page 70 Rhonda L Sherman, North Carolina State University  
DO FEED: Coffee Grounds & Filters Tea Bags (no staples) Egg Shells Fruits & Vegetables (fresh or rotten) VEGETARIAN Animal Manure Natural Fibers (cotton/hemp) Cardboard, Shredded paper & Newspaper Yard Waste (healthylleaves/clippings)   DON'T FEED: Dairy Products Meat, Bones Oily, Greasy Food Glass, Plastic, Metal, Foil, Rubber Bands, Ties Glossy Paper, Photographs, Colored Ink Diseased Plants, Clippings, Leaves, Ivy Worms will consume their food more quickly the finer it is chopped up, soft and rotten, covered in microorganisms.  
  The following 5 species are most notable for their natural ability to process organic waste, including life cycle, reproductive rates, endurance and tolerance of handling. 1) Eisenia andrei 2) Eisenia fetida 3) Dendrobaena veneta 4) Perionyx excavatus 5) Eudrilus eugenia There is much more detailed information in VERMICULTURE TECHNOLOGY edited by Clive A. Edwards, Norman Q. Arancon & Rhonda Sherman on pages 29-35.
Remember to keep your Worms  WET & COOL in HOT weather.  Be extra diligent in the plastic bins as they may absorb the outside heat and cook your worms. Keep these bins in a cool place, elevate for better air circulation and open up the lid for better air circulation. The wood bins and barrels we use are not as prone to cooking the worms in hot weather. Keep the soil as wet as a damp sponge (until you squeeze it and 1-2 drops of water are squeezed out). This reminder is referring to weather above 75 degrees. Worms prefer…
Vermicompost is a must to get the plants off to a great start. Besides the minerals and nutrients readily available to the roots of plants and seedlings, our worms have provided top notch vermicompost to help with aeration, drainage and moisture holding capacity to make your plants Strong and Proud. The added bonus is the presence of worm eggs which will turn into future 'blenders of the soil' and all the microbes that help keep everything in balance. Off to the garden, looking forward to the beauty and the harvest.
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